In the 1970s, researchers have developed the version or gel, sealed battery mixes that a gelling in the electrolyte of silica (silica gel track that uses acid-based batteries in portable radios in the early 1930s were not completely sealed). This is a liquid hard seeds before cells, offers many of the same benefits of the annual general meeting. These models are considerably less susceptible to evaporation and are often in situations where little or no regular maintenance. Gel cells have boiling points less than secure and liquid electrolytes used in conventional wet batteries and general meetings, making it suitable for use under extreme conditions.The only downside for the design of frost, cold prevents the rapid movement of ions in the electrolyte, which reduces the mobility of the user and therefore current surge capacity. Therefore applications such as energy gel cells are storage grid more frequently. Electrolytes, load the batteries as the concentration of the sulfuric acid, it is more likely to freeze in the winter, when they downloaded the electrolyte decreases. The charging voltage under pressure setting (approximately 14.4 volts in a normal lead-acid battery) remains, damage is likely, and in the course of time, the battery on a State fee must by nominal returns. French scientists Gautherot observed in 1801 and the son, who was used for electrolysis experiments is that a small amount of current is secondary, once the main battery had separated. Charging current must at the same time with the ability, the energy of the battery. Too big, bring a small battery load current cooking and venting of the electrolyte. This photo can be used in multiple locations, without losses with a gel instead of a liquid electrolyte battery. Battery gel electrolyte for any date of the post of the Decade of 1930, and by the end of the years 20 portable radios, which thanks to the design of the taps allow the cell horizontally or vertically (but not reverse) (see the encyclopedia of the third edition of wireless technology to Builder Starter batteries batteries are lighter than low weight battery itself) because the plates of the cell is not fully extends to the bottom of the compartment. This allows the lead panels melted crumbled, fall and accumulate in cells, to extend the life of the battery. This debris can rise high enough touch the plates and lead to the failure of a cell causes a loss of battery voltage and capacity. The capacity of a lead-acid battery is not certain of, but varies depending on the speed that unloads. An empirical relationship between discharge and ability is called. These chemicals in the volume of the active Materials.Sollten is a battery that has been completely discharged (as happens if you have approximately 6 amp power pull the car over night). If you then it a quick charge for a few minutes, battery plates, only through the interface between the plates and the electrolyte type loaded. In this case, the battery voltage can reach a value close to the voltage of the battery charger; This will make the current utilization to reduce significantly. After a few hours, this fee volume of electrodes and the electrolyte will be extended to interface. This leads to an interface charge so low that it may be not enough to start the car. If the battery to full of water and electrolytes, some battery-battery channels at the top of the liquid can force thermal expansion. This solution can react with lead and other metals in battery connection and corrosion cause.The electrolyte can cry, wear the plastic-where is the battery clamps in plastic. acid vapors, which through the vent caps, often caused to evaporate due to overload and insufficient battery compartment ventilation can form sulfuric acid vapors and reacts with the metal exposed. . Copper connectors produce blue and white crystals to corrosion. Corrosion can reduce the negative pole of the battery are by looking at the terminals with Vaseline or a commercially available product is the end. Since that electrolyte to loading and unloading of the reaction is involved, this battery has a great advantage when compared to other chemicals. It is relatively easy to determine, to the State of charge only the measure. Through the variety of possible electrical attributes is used number nomenclature of many manufacturers of batteries, to provide such basic information. Is one of the most successful programs of recycling in the world. In the United States 99 per cent was reused all lead-acid batteries between 2009 and 2013. . Area of the separator should be slightly larger than to prevent the surface of the plates, short-selling, the material between the plates. Separators must remain stable during the battery. Plate material to strengthen and simplify the production. Binder has a great influence on water consumption and battery life. Antimony alloy plates offer a longer life, but football Allied plates much more antimony in its eight times less Wasserverbrauch.Wegen of the high price of antimony valve sealed almost all car batteries, regulated batteries and other batteries, the industrial management of grids football since the early of 1990s and has become perhaps even earlier. The pond was added to cells of the lead-calcium to reduce corrosion and the effect of the open-circuit voltage. (Calcium oxide is less than 40-80 mV circuit isolated the positive plate voltage and the distance between the active ingredient and grid.) Puls-Verarbeitung can help restore defective rechargeable batteries-oxide). Can help reduce this corrosion, but the advantage was not value 20 USD/lb, and many manufacturers fell on Tin. Now it is rare to find cells of antimony, with the exception of locomotives. You can run the positive plate of lead, antimony, and lead negative football, however, antimony is in the negative planted and this causes that the advantage of negative football savings to lose water. You can say that football can save water and maintenance costs, but almost never a value is the section of the life of the battery 5 out of 20 years. but it is a very slow process. Repeated load cycles and partial discharge increases the stratification of the electrolyte, reducing the capacity and performance of the battery, to limit the lack of acid in the upper plate activation. Layering promotes also corrosion on the top half and Sulphation plates at the bottom. The external metal parts corrosion of lead-acid battery is the result of a chemical reaction of the battery terminals, terminals and Steckverbinder.Die corrosion caused positive terminal by electrolysis, due to the incompatibility of the metal alloys for the manufacture of the cable connector and battery terminal used. White corrosion tends to be that the most important O. plastic used for separators. Wood was the first choice, but in the acidic electrolyte has deteriorated. Rubber separators were stable in battery acid. Rubber provides valuable benefits that other electrochemical materials is not possible.An effective separator must possess a number of mechanical properties; as. Lead-acid battery is a battery that can be charged by you a reverse current through it. First planted model consisted of two sheet lead, separated by rubber bands and spiral wrap. Deposits of heavily discharged plates. However, the loose material, then there is the charge to participate in the normal cycle and discharge at the disposal, then a battery temporarily back to life brings, with EDTA reduces the life expectancy. Residual sugar EDTA in lead-acid cell organic acids, which will accelerate the corrosion of the lead plates and internal connections.Material asset change condition at loading and discharge, resulting in distortion of the electrodes and the electrode electrolyte excretion and growth. The active material on the plate fell may not on the position of any chemical treatment be restored. In addition, internal physical problems such as cracked plates, connectors, corroded or damaged separators can be chemically recovered. About 60% of the weight of a lead-acid battery car type rated 60-amp / hour (8.7 kg 14.5 kg battery) is lead or lead internal parts; the balance is electrolyte, separators and the case. . Reduced from Epsom salts from a weak or damaged internal resistance of the battery and to a small number of longevity. EDTA can be used to resolve. .Erstens are affected, if a battery is charged or discharged, the only reaction between chemicals, on the interface between the electrodes and the electrolyte. With the time the cargo in the chemicals spreads that often as the interface or surface load fresh, stored, by. Chemical additives have been used for lead-acid battery has become, a commercial element to reduce the lead sulfate accumulates in the plaques and improve battery status if added to a lead-acid battery electrolyte with vent. These treatments are rarely, if ever, time effective. A typical lead-acid battery contains a mixture with different concentrations of acid and water. Sulfuric acid has a density greater than water, which makes the acid formed in the panels at the level loading of doom and collect on the bottom of the pile. Finally, the mixture reach yet a uniform composition. Create electricity through a chemical reaction-sulfate. Lead and lead dioxide, active materials on the battery plates react with. Pulses must be longer, the resonant frequency of the battery. Short feed just impulses resistive components unnecessarily this resonance makes and not as good as in the battery circuit. Electronic circuits are used to adjust pulses of different widths and frequency of high current pulses. You can also automate because you need a battery a long time sulphate batteries completely. Battery charger for lead-acid battery desulfation designed are commercially available. A battery are not restored when the active material on plates or dishes lost bending due to temperature or loaded.Batteries which have sat unused for a longer period may also be candidates of desulfation. A long time self discharge sulphate crystals form and can be very large. Some typical cases where lead-acid batteries are not commonly enough used aircraft, boats (esp sail boats), home energy systems with batteries that are underutilized and old cars.Some charging techniques can help to prevent, such as the load-balancing and regularly traveled to download and upload. We recommend that you the instructions for proper collection Batteriehersteller.SLI battery (start, lighting, ignition, E.g. car batteries) you in the most damage, as long the vehicles not usually for relative time used. Deep cycle battery supply are driving and overloaded regularly checked, where finally succumb to corrosion of the positive plate, no Sulfatieren.Extreme weather conditions can cause also the Sulfation batteries. The heat wave of the summer increases the amount of sulphated batteries. Electronic components that use a continuous load of the battery also increases the amount of Sulfation. To prevent this, keep a battery in a cool place and maintenance costs. Some manufacturers add a suffix that shows the type of the Terminal, terminal positions and the size of the battery. Batteries for cars often use BCI sizing nomenclature. .Verkauf of lead-acid batteries is the 40-45% of the value of the batteries sold worldwide (1999, with the exception of China and Russia), a production of about US $15 billion market value. Kilo tissue produced for each, but a track caused cell in practice only 30-40 watt-hours per kilogram of batteries, due to the mass of water and other elements. the State and slightly back to lead dioxide, lead and sulfuric acid, when the battery is charging. How many deposits shift will not batteries and accusations, some lead sulfate electrolyte recombine and turns slowly into a stable Crystal form, that is not already in the free dissolved. So not all head back to the battery plates and the amount of active substances necessary for the production of electricity, which decreases with time.Sulfation occurs in lead-acid batteries, if you charged in normal operation. It prevents that recharge; Deposition of sulfate, ultimately to expand, to crack the plates and destroy the battery. Finally, much of the surface can provide the plate battery current to the battery capacity is greatly reduced. In addition, part of the sulphate (lead sulfate) is returned not to the electrolyte as sulfuric acid. It was believed that large crystals physically blocked penetrate the electrolyte into the pores of the plates. Sulfation can be avoided if the battery completely, cycle is immediately charged after a discharge. and 33% dilute sulphuric acid. (From different manufacturers vary the mix). The dough is pressed into the holes in the grid, to easily keep the mass are tapered on both sides. This porous paste allows the acid reacts with lead inside the plate increases the surface several times. After drying, the plates with spacers are adjusted and inserted in the battery container stacked. You typically use an odd number of plates with more negative positive. Each replacement sheet is attached.Positive plates are chocolate. If the connections to individual cells are available, the State of charge of the individual cells can decide who can serve as a leader on the health of the entire battery. . The power can the battery CAP, spraying acid and fragments of shell bursting plastic box or flightless. An explosion in a single cell can ignite the fuel gas mixture indeed cells. In a poorly ventilated, connect or disconnect a closed circuit (such as a load or Charger operation) directly to the battery terminals explosive to ignite the spark to gas mixtures of air cells generated as those.The walls of the VRLA battery cells are usually swollen, if the internal pressure increases. Deformation of cell to cell varies and is greater at the ends, where the walls are not compatible with other cells. These batteries pressure too much must be carefully isolated and discarded. Personnel working in the vicinity of a hazardous battery must the eyes and burns through a fire door on the skin protect exposed acid and spray. Soaked carpets with electrolyte. It's just enough electrolyte into the carpet to keep it moist and when the battery electrolyte is perforated or not run off out on the carpet. Similarly reduced the mat evaporate, up to the point that the batteries do not require, that filled with water periodically. This combination of features allows the battery fully waterproof, making it useful in portable devices and similar Funktionen.Kalzium will be in response to the formation of hydrogen during the download process plates, Battery Reconditioning Wiki to absorb the gas added. While slow work exhaust and gas accumulation is still a problem, if the battery is deeply discharged or fast. To cope with these events, AGA will often includes a one-way purge valve and another advantage of the design of the General Assembly, is often regulated or lead VRLA valve Designs.Ein, that the electrolyte strong mechanical separator and materials. As a result, the battery plate can together in shell from the battery to compress, slightly increases the energy density than liquid or gel. AGM batteries show often together to create a characteristic bulge in his tank at the rectangular shapes.The carpet prevents the vertical movement of the battery electrolyte. When a normal wet cell in shock is saved, the heaviest tilt acid molecules at the bottom of the battery, which add electrolyte, Stratify. If you use the battery, tends to be most of the streams in this area and the bottom of the plates quickly wear out. One of the reasons why conventional batteries ruined, by you there for a long time and can use and recharge. The grid prevents that this layering clearly unnecessary to strengthen the batteries regularly, cooking or a bunch of distortion correction carried out, to their mix. layering also causes that the battery almost entirely to higher layers in the water that can freeze in the cold, AGM are considerably less likely that are damaged through the use of low temperatures. shorten in the mass hydro set, produced a court more resistant to damage, sharp particles reduced and thus improves the driving characteristics and insert. Extended battery life charge end voltage rise. Sulphonated naphthalene requires about a third to half of that amount of chloride and at high temperatures is stable. ,,.